Painful Ulcer of the Mouth
Oral ulcers are small, painful sores that appear in your mouth and then usually heal by themselves after a few days or weeks. Although they are quite uncomfortable and might hinder your speech, eating and even drinking, but they’re usually harmless in the long run. Among the different types of ulcers seen in a patient’s mouth the Recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) is the most common type of ulcerative disease of the oral cavity. The term “aphthous” is derived from a Greek word “aphthae” which means ulceration.
According to different surveys, the estimated point prevalence of oral ulcers worldwide is 4%, with aphthous ulcers being the most common, affecting as many as 25% of the population worldwide.Recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) is a common condition of the oral mucosa that presents in patients who are otherwise healthy. It is characterized by multiple, erythematous, recurrent, small, round or ovoid ulcers with circumscribed margins, typically presenting first in childhood or adolescence.
WHO IS AT RISK
Some of the highest incidences are seen in the Indian subcontinent, southern France, and South America. Importantly, the incidence of oral cancer is rising in most populations, particularly in young women. In the United Kingdom, around 2500 cases of oral cavity cancers are seen every year.