How to Prevent Dental Caries

For the Sake of Your Children, Prevent Tooth Caries

Dental caries is one of the oldest and most common diseases found in humans. While there have been continuous efforts to reduce its prevalence, it is still widespread, especially in lower socio-economic classes.[1]With the growing shift of treatment strategies in all fields of medicine and health, the management of dental caries has also seen a change of approach. Previously caries management strategies focused on removing the caries, making a cavity and filling the defect. But modern dentistry follows a medical model of disease management; the newer strategies emphasize on disease prevention and conservation of tooth structure.[2]

 

Dental caries is a disease process that depends on several etiologic factors, which cause the destruction of the dental tissues and produces local and general complications. It is one of the most widespread diseases in the civilized populations with a prevalence of 40% at the age of seven years and 85% in seventeen year-old boys.[3]Although there has been a reduction in the prevalence of dental caries in both developed and developing countries.[4]But still, the prevalence remains high among populations of low socioeconomic status. Therefore, socioeconomic indicators are associated with risk factors for dental caries.[5][6]

 

CAUSES AND RISK FACTORS

In order to be appropriately equipped against caries, you need to know the causes and risk factors that are involved in the initiation and development of dental caries. Caries is a multifactorial disease caused by host, agent, and environmental factors. Factors involved in the dental caries process include the tooth, bacteria in the form of a dental plaque, and a diet containing sugar. The quantity, quality, and frequency of sugar intake have a definitive influence on the incidence and prevalence of caries.

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