PANDAS Syndrome affecting Children

Another Children’s Autoimmune Infection

PANDAS is an acronym for Pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infections. It is a recently disclosed disorder i.e. 1990s. It is diagnosed if there is a history of abrupt development of a number of neuropsychiatric symptoms associated with a group A streptococcal i.e. the type of bacteria causing strep throat infection. Medication and proper cognitive behavioral therapy are the primary treatments for PANDAS. These days, PANDAS syndrome affecting children in a fast speed.

 

What is PANDAS syndrome?

Strep throat is normal problem of childhood. Some kids get it again and again, and a simple round of antibiotics usually clears it up. But for few children, the infection triggers strange behavior changes known as PANDAS syndrome.

With PANDAS, a child may seem to turn into a different person overnight. He becomes moody, anxious, aggressive and dealing with body movements which he can’t control. It can be scary, but once your child is diagnosed with PANDAS and starts treatment, it’s likely he’ll make a full recovery. PANDAS is a subtype of pediatric acute-onset neuropsychiatric syndrome (PANS).

Almost 90 percent of acute onset OCD cases are linked to strep infection. Children especially at risk are those who have “occult” or hidden strep infections i.e. children who can be “carriers” of the infection but don’t get symptoms themselves, and hence don’t get treatment. PANDAS is a episodic disorder. Symptoms may disappear for extended periods then reappear, aggravated by a later exposure to strep of some other bacteria or virus. Symptoms may get increasingly severe with multiple recurrences. PANDAS syndrome affecting children severely these days.

PANDAS syndrome involves sudden and mostly major changes in personality, behavior and movement in children following an infection involving Streptococcus pyogenes. Infection can be mild causing just a minor skin infection, while it can go even sever strep throat, scarlet fever and several other illnesses. Strep is found inside the throat and on the surface of the skin. Children receives it when an infected person coughs or sneezes and you breathe in the droplets or touch contaminated surfaces, and then touch your face.

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