Nose Bleeding in Children

Is Child Nosebleed a cause for concern?

Nosebleeds are common in kids between 2 to 10 years old, and most are caused by nose-picking or dry air. They can be scary, but are rarely cause for alarm. Most will stop on their own and can be easily managed at home. Persistent, recurring, or very heavy bleeding may require medical attention. Doctors refer to nosebleeds as epistaxis. Around 60 percent of people will experience a nosebleed at some point during their life. However, nosebleeds occur most commonly in children aged between 2 and 10 years.

Even slight damage to the delicate mucous membrane lining of the nose can rupture tiny blood vessels and cause bleeding. Babies rarely have nosebleeds, but toddlers and school-aged children often do. A tendency for nosebleeds often runs in the family. Many children have nosebleeds for no apparent reason.

A nosebleed usually comes on suddenly, with blood flowing freely from one nostril. A child who has nosebleeds at night may swallow the blood in his sleep. He will vomit it up or pass it in his stools later. Most nosebleeds stop by themselves within a few minutes.

Nosebleeds are unlikely to signal serious illness, although bleeding can result from injury. Children may cause bleeding by picking their noses; toddlers often injure the nasal membranes by forcing objects into their nostrils. Children are especially prone to nosebleeds during colds and in the winter months when the mucous membranes become dry, cracked, and crusted or when a chronic condition such as allergic rhinitis damages the membrane.